The Columbia River Gorge Commission asked the Center and the Oregon Consensus program at Portland State University to conduct a series of individual and group interviews with a wide range of stakeholders and regional leaders to identify aspiration, concerns and willingness to find common ground for resource protection and community development in the Columbia River Gorge. The assessment summarized the interviews and offered recommendations about the feasibility of collaborative problem solving. The Assessment also recommended the Gorge Commission engage in internal development work, to strengthen collaboration between the Commission, other agencies, communities and the public. To that end, the Commission asked the Center and Oregon Consensus to provide training for Gorge Commissioners that included tools for communication, collaboration and problem solving. The Commission is also asking the Centers to remain involved as it seeks to take on several of the collaborative challenges identified in the assessment.
Non-Native Fish Eradication in Northeastern Washington
Biologists have pinpointed competition, hybridization, and predation by non-native fish such as Brook Trout, Brown Trout, and Rainbow Trout as primary factors in the decline of native Bull Trout and Westslope Cutthroat Trout populations in the Boundary Dam Reservoir basin in Pend Oreille County, WA. These scientists identified non-native fish suppression/ eradication as critical to recovery of Bull Trout, a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act. The Ruckelshaus Center assisted efforts of the WSU Division of Governmental Studies and Services to coordinate with the Kalispel Tribe of Indians and state and local governments to communicate information to the public explaining the need and process for non-native fish control efforts. This included facilitating public meetings, coordinating and facilitating agency-public planning and coordination meetings, and delivering a project summary report.
The Center was involved in two related projects designed to promote sustainable aviation biofuels in the Pacific Northwest, to help the region meet its clean energy goals. The first was called Sustainable Aviation Biofuels Northwest (SAFN). The second was a $40 million, five year grant from the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) to support a team of academic and private sector researchers called the Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA).
Agriculture in a Changing Climate
Agricultural producers, industries and researchers are reporting a wide range of impacts from changes in the Northwest climate and other landscape scale changes. During a three-day workshop in Kennewick, Washington, 80 participants from Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Washington D.C., and British Columbia gathered to hear from experts and share ideas for collaboration. Representatives from research institutions, state and federal agencies, and agriculture producers and industries discussed their needs, goals, plans, and priorities for the next five to ten years. The Ruckelshaus Center facilitated plenary and breakout sessions to help participants identify shared interests that will inform a white paper. The white paper will help coordinate regional climate change mitigation and adaptation research, information, implementation, and monitoring efforts.
The workshop was co-sponsored by Washington State University’s Center for Sustaining Agriculture and Natural Resources (CSANR), USDA Regional Climate HUB, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), and the Regional Approaches to Climate Change Team (REACCH).
For more information on the workshop: http://csanr.wsu.edu/program-areas/climate-friendly-farming/ag-climate-workshop/
For more information on next steps: https://www.agclimate.net/
Project Lead: Molly Stenovec
Columbia River Salmon
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries) asked the Ruckelshaus Center – in partnership with Oregon Consensus at Portland State University – to conduct a situation assessment of regional views about salmon and steelhead recovery planning in the Columbia River Basin over the long term. A situation assessment is an interview-based process undertaken to better understand and explore relevant issues and interests of involved parties and situation dynamics. An assessment team featuring practitioner and academic expertise from Washington, Oregon and Idaho reached out to a broad array of regional parties over several months to capture the full range of perspectives.
The Center is partnering with the University of Washington’s Health Policy Center (UW HPC) on a project that will examine eldercare workforce capacity in Washington state, including mapping the issue, convening stakeholders statewide to listen and learn from one another about areas of conflict and consensus, and facilitating those stakeholders as they create and put into operation a Washington State Eldercare Workforce Alliance. In December 2012, the Center and UW HPC received a grant to begin the first phase of this project. The Center is also participating in a University Network for Collaborative Governance (UNCG) initiative to launch similar efforts in states across the country that will engage health care and workforce stakeholders in developing eldercare workforce strategies. The UNCG initiative will focus on: 1) Hosting a national colloquium on Eldercare Workforce Collaboration, resulting in a report to serve as the basis for a multi-state pilot; 2) A pilot to evaluate and report on results and lessons learned of the assessments; and 3) Convening assessments in several states through UNCG centers, including the Ruckelshaus Center. For more information, contact Project Manager Patricia Lichiello.
The Center recently completed two peer-reviewed, WSU Extension Fact Sheets stemming from the baseline study it conducted with the UW Health Policy Center. The companion documents are Washington State’s Eldercare Workforce (10.3 MB PDF) and Aging in Place: A Policy Approach for Aging Well in Washington State (961 KB PDF). These documents can be viewed and downloaded for free at https://pubs.wsu.edu/.
Voluntary Stewardship Program
In 2007, Washington’s Governor and Legislature—along with agricultural, tribal, environmental and local government representatives—asked the Center to assist in resolving long-standing conflict over the protection and enhancement on agricultural lands of environmentally “critical areas” under Washington’s Growth Management Act. This conflict, more than a decade old, has spawned lawsuits, appeals, legislative battles and a voter initiative. In Substitute Senate Bills 5248 and 6520, the parties involved reached a compromise for a moratorium on counties adopting amendments to critical areas ordinances with respect to agricultural activities while participating stakeholders developed recommendations to resolve the long-standing disagreements. The Center was designated to coordinate fact-finding research and facilitate the discussions. The aim was to develop solutions, policies and practices that ensure protection of environmentally sensitive areas in ways that support the preservation of farm lands and a strong farm economy.
In September 2010, the Agriculture and Critical Areas (Ag CA) Committee reached agreement on a framework for a Voluntary Stewardship Program. The Center submitted a Final Report on the process in October 2010 that included this framework. The Ag CA Committee established a Legislative Subcommittee to turn the framework into proposed legislation for implementing the Program and the Center facilitated their discussions. This legislation was introduced in the Washington State House and the Senate in February 2011, and passed the legislature in April 2011 as ESHB 1886. On May 16, 2011, Governor Gregoire signed ESHB 1886, creating the Voluntary Stewardship Program.
The Washington State Conservation Commission (which the legislation designates as the lead state agency) and the parties to the agreement asked the Center to continue its involvement, believing the Center’s neutrality, experience with these issues/parties and expertise in collaborative processes would continue to be helpful as the agencies and parties begin early implementation. With support from the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF), the Center remained involved during the first two years of implementation.
Joint SR 530 Landslide Commission
Washington Governor Jay Inslee and Snohomish County Executive John Lovick formed a joint commission in response to the SR 530 landslide of March 2014 that took the lives of 43 people in the Stillaguamish Valley. The Commission was tasked with reviewing the incident and the collective response, and providing recommendations to help plan and respond to similar events. The 12-member Commission operated independently, and did not determine liability, cause or fault, or act as a substitute for the courts in any way. Regional business leader Kathy Lombardo served as the Commission’s Executive Director; the Ruckelshaus Center facilitated the group. The Commission report of prioritized recommendations was released in December 2014.
Capitol Lake Assessment
The Washington State Department of Enterprise Services asked the Ruckelshaus Center to conduct an interview-based situation assessment to explore issues and opportunities regarding the future management of Capitol Lake in Olympia. This assessment explored relevant issues and interests of involved parties, along with the dynamics of the situation. The Center reached out to a balanced cross-section of parties to capture a wide range of perspectives.
The assessment culminated in a report articulating the major issues and key parties involved and documenting their interests and perspectives. The report also analyzed and explored the prospects for a collaborative process to address those issues. In this context, a collaborative process means a solution-focused dialogue among all the key interests, participating willingly, that is convened and facilitated by a neutral third party. For more information, contact Project Manager Chris Page.
Read the Situation Assessment for Capitol Lake Management Report (950 KB PDF)
Public Records Act Assessment
The 2013–15 Washington State Operating Budget contained a proviso directing the Center to “collaborate with representatives of the public, the media, and local governments regarding public records requests made to local government” and “report to the appropriate committees of the Legislature,” including “recommendations related to balancing the need for open public records with concerns of local governments.” The report included recommendations related to balancing the need for open public records with concerns of local governments. The Center’s report was derived from a situation assessment, an interview-based process undertaken to better understand and explore relevant issues and interests of involved parties and situation dynamics. The Center reached out to a balanced cross-section of parties to capture a wide range of perspectives. Interview candidates were identified via the Center’s background research, selection criteria, and/or referral. The assessment articulated the major issues and key parties involved, and documented their interests and perspectives. It also analyzed and explored the prospects for a collaborative process to address those issues. For more information, contact Project Manager Chris Page.
Read the Report (388 KB PDF)
The Center conducted research and a public engagement process on the topic of improving governance in the Tri-Cities, WA region. This project built upon the “4Cs Project” conducted several years ago by the Three Rivers Community Roundtable (now called Tri-Cities Evolution) that explored mechanisms for enhancing efficiencies and service through jurisdiction or multiple agency activities characterized as “Coordination, Cooperation, Collaboration or Consolidation.” The project was done in three phases in collaboration with WSU’s Division of Governmental Studies and Services, UW Evans School of Public Affairs, and UW Information School.
Phase I focused on what could be learned from the experiences of other communities in similar circumstances, especially with regards to inter-jurisdictional consolidation. The Phase I report was presented at an event in September 2012 attended by over 400 community leaders. It recommended not pursuing formal consolidation, but deliberate pursuit of appropriate activities and arrangements that would provide the benefits of “functional consolidation,” without the risks and costs associated with the formal effort. Phase II included research engagement in the communities, to assess perspectives and opinions of key actors, opinion leaders and senior officials regarding governance alternatives. Nine facilitated and well-attended community leader discussions took place in 2013. This research confirmed that there is a large number of existing approaches to achieving the perceived benefits of functional consolidation. And there are significant opportunities to activate more such approaches, to achieve greater efficacy in regional governance. Phase III would assess broad citizen perceptions, attitudes, and support for collective governance through surveys and public events (note: this phase is contingent upon a review of Phase II and the preferences of the Tri-Cities Evolution).
Puget Sound Monitoring
The Leadership Council of the Puget Sound Partnership (PSP) has asked the Ruckelshaus Center to conduct a review of the Puget Sound Ecosystem Monitoring Program (PSEMP), to assess whether essential characteristics, particularly transparent decision-making, availability and credibility of data, and accountability and trust, are being achieved. Such a review was included in the resolution that created PSEMP to evaluate progress towards ecosystem recovery and improve the scientific basis for management actions throughout Puget Sound. The Center interviewed involved parties and stakeholders to capture a wide range of perspectives about whether these characteristics are were achieved and prepared a report outlining key findings and recommendations for improvement. For more information, contact Project Manager Amanda Murphy.
Read the Puget Sound Ecosystem Monitoring Program Review Report (600 KB PDF)
In the fall of 2010, coastal Marine Resource Committees (MRCs) and Washington State natural resource agencies began discussing the need for a Washington coast-wide group to advise the State on ocean policy issues and provide local perspectives on – and solutions to – marine resource issues, projects and conflicts. Coastal MRCs organized a series of discussions to outline the purpose and role of a coastal group and developed a recommendation to the State Ocean Caucus (SOC) to form a coastal stakeholder advisory body. The Washington State Department of Ecology, on behalf of the SOC and the Governor’s Office, is coordinating the Washington Coastal Marine Advisory Council (WCMAC) focusing on marine and ocean policy issues on Washington’s Pacific Ocean Coast (from Cape Flattery south), including the estuaries of Grays Harbor, Willapa Bay and the lower Columbia River. At request of the stakeholders who helped design the process, Ecology retained the Center to serve as neutral convener, providing facilitation and coordination services to support the WCMAC in conducting its meetings and reaching decisions. For more information, visit the Department of Ecology’s website.
The Center collaborated with the US Institute for Environmental Conflict Resolution, the Policy Consensus Initiative at Portland State University, and the Oregon Natural Resources Institute on this project intended to promote collaborative decision making on public policy in the Pacific Northwest. The goal of the Northwest Environment and Natural Resources Forum was to provide a neutral place for regional environmental leaders from federal, state, local and tribal governments to identify emerging issues of mutual interest and map a strategy for addressing them. The idea was to give these leaders an opportunity to step back from every-day challenges, interact with one another and coordinate efforts to address complex, cross-cutting issues before they become conflicts. The Forum met regularly to identify issues, and reviewed issue assessments and process design recommendations. The Center served on the Steering Committee for this project.
Douglas Brinkley has published extensively on American environmental history, including the widely-acclaimed “The Wilderness Warrior: Theodore Roosevelt and the Crusade for America” and the recently-published “The Quiet World: Saving Alaska’s Wilderness Kingdom, 1879-1960.” He has written about American leaders such as Ronald Reagan, Jimmy Carter and Henry Ford, and conducted oral histories of Neil Armstrong, Stuart Udall and others. As part of his upcoming book on 1960-70’s environmental policy, Dr. Brinkley interviewed Bill Ruckelshaus (the first and fifth director of the EPA), to create an oral history of Bill’s life and remarkable contributions to public service, corporate leadership and collaborative policy. The oral history has been archived at the university libraries and on the website of TVW (Washington state’s version of C-SPAN). It will also be distilled down to a broadcast quality program that will air on TVW.
The Ruckelshaus Oral History premiered on TVW on Thursday, January 17, 2013. Watch the full video or watch the portion discussing the Ruckelshaus Center.
Whatcom Jobs Summit
In September 2012, the Ruckelshaus Center facilitated the Whatcom Jobs Summit, a one-day event that brought together stakeholders representing business, labor, environment and government in Whatcom County. The purpose of the Summit was to promote the removal of barriers to local job growth through productive dialogue, fostering new relationships and the development of action steps for the community. Staff from the Center partnered with practitioners from the WSU Whatcom County Extension Office and Western Washington University’s College of Business and Economics to provide neutral facilitation for an event that included a panel of elected officials, “speed dating” matrix dialogues, a keynote address, breakout group discussion, report-backs from the elected officials and a lively discussion of next steps and action items. The Steering Committee hopes to make this an annual event.
Between 2007 and 2012, the Center assisted in resolving long-standing disagreements concerning hospital staffing decisions. Concerns by the parties included the effects of nurse staffing levels in hospitals, patient safety, costs and working conditions for nurses. Numerous studies have been conducted for this national issue, yet no accepted resolution has been developed. In 2007, the Center held an initial forum between the Northwest Organization of Nurse Executives; SEIU Healthcare 1199NW, United Staff Nurses, UFCW 141, the Washington State Hospital Association, and the Washington State Nurses Association, in which they reached an agreement to work together. In 2008, these parties signed an agreement at a ceremony with Governor Gregoire to begin discussions facilitated by the Center. The goal of all parties in the discussion was to develop a model solution for this pressing problem in health policy.
The Washington State Legislature included in its 2010 budget a proviso directing the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) to “work with appropriate stakeholders to facilitate the disposition of salmon (at hatcheries) to best utilize the resource, increase revenues to regional fisheries enhancement groups, and enhance the provision of nutrients to food banks.” The proviso instructed WDFW to provide a report summarizing the resulting discussions, outcomes and recommendations, and to give due consideration to the recommendations before awarding a new disposal contract. WDFW asked the Center to provide services to support stakeholder engagement and the development of recommendations. These services include: 1) economic analysis; 2) an interview-based situation assessment; 3) recommendations for a stakeholder involvement process; and 4) facilitation of meetings between WDFW and appropriate stakeholders. The Center’s project team included faculty and staff from the WSU Division of Governmental Studies and Services and the UW School of Marine Affairs. After the stakeholder meetings, WFDW Director Phil Anderson thanked the Center for its assistance saying, “The expertise, project oversight, and process insight that you and your colleagues brought to the process was instrumental in bringing the collaborative process to a successful outcome.”
Read the report (3 MB PDF)
The Center conducted this short-term project to put an important collaborative relationship back on track. In 2007, NMTA, PSA and the Washington State Department of Ecology developed and signed an agreement describing how they would work together to address concerns over water pollution from bottom paint and other sources at boatyards. In December 2009, PSA—frustrated with what they saw as an unacceptably slow pace of implementation—filed a notice of intent to sue five NMTA member boatyards for alleged violations of the Clean Water Act relating to these issues. NMTA suggested—and PSA agreed—that the Center become involved to help the parties resolve their dispute. The Center facilitated several meetings at which the parties agreed to a series of steps aimed at repairing their working alliance. NMTA and PSA are again working cooperatively, and have thanked the Center for its assistance. This collaboration led to an important outcome in 2011—legislation (SB 5436) that makes Washington the first state in the nation to phase out copper in antifouling paints used on recreational water vessels.
In April 2010, the Center facilitated a one-day convening on stormwater that brought together grantees of the Russell Family Foundation, Bullitt Foundation and Northwest Fund for the Environment on issues relating to stormwater and green infrastructure. The purpose was to: 1). examine emerging issues surrounding stormwater nationally, state-wide and locally; 2) encourage collaboration; and 3) explore potential next steps. In September 2011, the Russell Foundation asked to the Center to facilitate meetings the Foundation was hosting between its staff and leaders in the Hood Canal and Puyallup watersheds.
Partnership for Sustainable Communities
The Center worked with the National Policy Consensus Center (NPCC) at Portland State University to provide support to the Northwest regional offices of three federal agencies (EPA, HUD and DOT) who launched the Partnership for Sustainable Communities. The Partnership is an agreement to coordinate federal housing, transportation and environmental investments, policies, programs and resources to build more sustainable urban, suburban and rural communities. Building on an Oregon Community Dialogue hosted by Oregon State University and facilitated by NPCC, the Center facilitated a Washington Community Dialogue. This session was hosted by the University of Washington’s Runstad Center for Real Estate Studies and brought together approximately 150 people from across Washington state working on housing, transportation and environmental issues in the federal, state, tribal, local, private, NGO, academic and other sectors to discuss barriers, opportunities, actions and funding.
Read the report (2.5 MB PDF)
AWC Mayors Exchange
The Association of Washington Cities (AWC) Mayors Exchange provides mayors and city executives from throughout the state an opportunity to meet each other, discuss concerns and glean best practices. In addition to networking time, each Mayors Exchange focuses on a different topic, delving into important issues facing communities and the state. AWC asked the Center to facilitate the April 2011 Mayors Exchange in Yakima, which featured a discussion about successful partnership models from different communities; tips for overcoming interjurisdictional conflict; and ways jurisdictions have maximized resources through collaboration. The Center helped mayors and administrators from over 30 municipalities consider current and future opportunities in the context of a continuum of partnerships, from communication to consolidation.
WSU Water Forum
The Ruckelshaus Center was asked to facilitate a one-day forum for faculty and students at WSU in November 2010. The goals of the forum were to: 1) provide a setting for WSU faculty and students to learn what their colleagues are doing on water issues; 2) develop a strategic vision for water issues at WSU; and 3) propel collaborations and partnerships that address key water challenges. The Forum featured a keynote address by Jay Manning, Chief of Staff to Washington Governor Christine Gregoire. The Center facilitated a panel discussion, “speed dating” exercise, breakout groups on potential action items, and report-backs on next steps. The forum demonstrated the value the Center can bring when it partners with entities at one or both universities to bring real world issues to academic setting.
Read the report (660 KB PDF)
Walla Walla Water Management Initiative
Members of the Walla Walla Basin Community are working to improve water management to support municipal, agricultural and other water uses, while also providing for the needs of federally protected fish species. In conjunction with the Washington Department of Ecology, they asked the Center to generate a report identifying existing capacities to support an effective integrated water management system for the Basin. The project also involved collecting local input and identifying areas where consensus may exist, and where concerns may need to be addressed, in order to implement watershed and salmon recovery.
Northwest Straits Marine Conservation Initiative Evaluation
The Northwest Straits Marine Conservation Initiative is a unique local governance mechanism that employs a collaborative approach to preserve ecosystems, while respecting existing economic and community uses of marine resources. In 2004, the Center managed a federally-mandated independent evaluation of the Initiative. Convening a committee of scientific and other experts, the Center staffed the performance review. What the panel found was one of the most innovative applications of volunteer action anywhere in the country. The credibility and thoroughness of the evaluation led to a stronger mandate and increased federal support for the Initiative.
Read the report (1 MB PDF)
Agricultural Pilots Project
At the request of the Washington Governor’s office, the Center provided leadership in developing the Agricultural Pilots Project. The goal of the project was to underwrite pilots that held the potential of demonstrating increased profitability to agriculture, while providing environmental benefits. Guided by an advisory group drawn from involved stakeholders, the Center conducted nearly 200 consultations with environmental, agricultural, tribal and community representatives. In the 2007 legislative session, the Governor and Legislature provided funding for a “proof of concept” phase in which four pilot projects were conducted. The Center was responsible for monitoring the pilots and evaluating the feasibility of an ongoing Agricultural Pilots program that would be managed by an appropriate state agency. A final report was submitted in 2009.
Shared Salmon Strategy Assessment
In an effort to learn lessons of value in natural resource recovery, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries) asked the Center to examine the process that led to the successful development of the Shared Strategy Recovery Plan for Puget Sound Fall Chinook Salmon. The Shared Strategy is a unique watershed plan for the complex Puget Sound region. It was developed voluntarily by a bottom-up process involving concerned citizens, tribal leaders, environmental advocates, businesses, local government representatives, and state and federal agencies, who were assisted by a local non-profit. It is one of only a few federally-approved plans for species recovery under the Endangered Species Act.
Farm Safety Regulatory Reform Case Study
In an effort to bring lessons learned from the Center’s work into the universities’ curriculum, the Center developed a farm safety regulatory reform case study. The study examines the use of collaborative problem solving principles in a regulatory context. The five-part series focuses on conflicts over controversial efforts to regulate farm worker safety. The case study demonstrates to students how to use data and different analytical techniques to assess a circumstance, be aware of the interests and concerns of the involved parties, use regulatory mandates to gain compliance, and enhance confidence of involved parties.
Water Resource Administration & Funding Task Force
The Water Resources Administration and Funding Task Force was created by the Washington State Legislature in 2004. As directed by the Legislature, the Department of Ecology requested that specified interest groups identify representatives to participate on the Task Force to develop proposals and recommend options for funding the state’s water resource programs. It also invited the Center to facilitate the meetings and provide staff support for the effort. During the nine meetings of the Task Force, the group collected and reviewed water resources program information, budget data and funding source data. Based on this information, the Task Force developed a set of findings and conclusions designed to guide policy makers in developing a funding package for both operating and capital support.
Read the report (685 KB PDF)
Washington Water Acquisition Program
Mark Twain once said, “In the West whiskey is for drinking and water is for fighting.” Washington State reflects Twain’s statement, where water programs are rarely without controversy. The Washington Water Acquisition Program was no exception. Under this voluntary, incentive-based program, the Department of Ecology acquired water rights for the purpose of increasing stream flows to improve salmon habitat and survival. However, skepticism of the program among some agricultural communities led Ecology to seek an evaluation of the public acceptance and perception of their efforts. In 2003, Ecology invited the Center to provide an independent and neutral review of the program. The Center found that, where properly applied to local conditions, water rights acquisition is a potentially useful tool. However, in many parts of the state, significant barriers existed to improving receptivity.
Read the report (329 KB PDF)
The Center worked with business, labor and the state government as they struggled through issues surrounding workers’ compensation policy, an issue affecting many other states. The Center provided negotiation assistance to the parties in evaluating whether to go forward with reform, and if so, how. Through a safe, neutral forum for the parties they explored the issues and context in which progress might be made. Such a forum provides the opportunity to create a greater mutual understanding of the issues, obstacles and possibilities. Together with the parties, the Center helped establish a process for substantive dialogue that improved key business, labor and political relationships and preserved potential for reform in the future.
Updated on June 29, 2017